by Douglas E. Swinskey & Peter M. Bechard
The first step in evaluating test data is understanding the relationship to the circuit's Fault Zones and how abnormalities in a specific Fault Zone affect the performance of the motor. The six Fault Zones (Power Quality, Power Circuit, Stator, Insulation, Rotor, and Air Gap) are derived from the most common electrically related motor failures in industrial environments. The Air Gap Fault Zone describes the measurable distance between the rotor and stator within the motor. Air gap eccentricity is a condition that occurs when a non-uniformity in the air gap between the rotor and stator exists.