General Rules which must be followed:

Image 11. Never over torque a Fastener. To over-torque a Fastener can cause it to stretch beyond normal limits causing Fastener breakage, or loosening of Fastener
2. Never under torque Fasteners because it can cause the Fastener to loosen to break
3. Ensure you know the torque specification
4. Ensure you know the torque specification if you are using a Fastener with lubricant on it or dry
5. As a general rule Fasteners should be lubricated unless manufacturer states otherwise
6. Know how to use a torque wrench. When all else fails read the instructions.
7. When unsure whether a Fastener should be torque to a specification, torque it
8. Do not re-use a Fastener if:
- If it was installed with an impact wrench
- If it could result in a safety risk

Fastener Failure Modes:

• Overloading - Force exceeds Fastener strength, Fastener loosens or shears
• Over-Torque - damaging the threads and deforming the hardware
• Under-Torque - allowing a joint to come loose. It may also allow the joint to flex and thus fail under fatigue.
• Brinelling - caused by poor quality washers, leading to a loss of clamp load and failure of the joint
• Corrosion - caused by the disintegration of an engineered material due to electrochemical oxidation of metals in reaction with an oxidant such as oxygen, this is why Fasteners must be lubricated unless stated by the equipment manufacturer.


Torque Wrench:

• A torque wrench is a tool used to precisely apply a specific torque to a fastener such as a nut or Fastener.
• A torque wrench is used where the tightness of screws and Fasteners is crucial.
• It allows the operator to measure the torque applied to the fastener so it can be matched to the specifications for a particular application. This permits proper tension and loading of all parts.

How to Torque a Fastener?

Using the most common torque wrench which is a "click type" follow these steps;

Step 1: Preset torque value on torque wrench as determined by the equipment manufacturer; or if not available a common torque specification chart. (see below)

Fastener Torque Charts

Note: When using anti-seize reduce lube torque value by 20%

Step 2: Torque the Fastener to the point where the desired torque is reached, signaling the desired torque by causing a click sound (some torque wrenches will not allow a Fastener to be torque above the setting however some will, be sure and purchase the best torque wrench possible)

If you have questions send an email to Ricky Smith at

Tip submitted by Ricky Smith, GPAllied

Upcoming Events

August 9 - August 11 2022

MaximoWorld 2022

View all Events
80% of newsletter subscribers report finding something used to improve their jobs on a regular basis.
Subscribers get exclusive content. Just released...MRO Best Practices Special Report - a $399 value!
Three Things You Need to Know About Criticality Analysis

When it comes to criticality analysis, there are three key factors must be emphasized.

Turning the Oil Tanker

This article highlights the hidden trap of performance management systems.

Optimizing Value From Physical Assets

There are ever-increasing opportunities to create new and sustainable value in asset-intensive organizations through enhanced use of technology.

Conducting Asset Criticality Assessment for Better Maintenance Strategy and Techniques

Conducting an asset criticality assessment (ACA) is the first step in maintaining the assets properly. This article addresses the best maintenance strategy for assets by using ACA techniques.

Harmonizing PMs

Maintenance reliability is, of course, an essential part of any successful business that wants to remain successful. It includes the three PMs: predictive, preventive and proactive maintenance.

How an Edge IoT Platform Increases Efficiency, Availability and Productivity

Within four years, more than 30 per cent of businesses and organizations will include edge computing in their cloud deployments to address bandwidth bottlenecks, reduce latency, and process data for decision support in real-time.

MaximoWorld 2022

The world's largest conference for IBM Maximo users, IBM Executives, IBM Maximo Partners and Services with Uptime Elements Reliability Framework and Asset Management System is being held Aug 8-11, 2022

6 Signs Your Maintenance Team Needs to Improve Its Safety Culture

When it comes to people and safety in industrial plants, maintenance teams are the ones who are most often in the line of fire and at risk for injury or death.

Making Asset Management Decisions: Caught Between the Push and the Pull

Most senior executives spend years climbing through the operational ranks. In the operational ranks, many transactional decisions are required each day.

Assume the Decision Maker Is Not Stupid to Make Your Communication More Powerful

Many make allowances for decision makers, saying some are “faking it until they make it.” However, this is the wrong default position to take when communicating with decision makers.