FMEA is part of the Reliability Strategy Development toolbox

What is Failure Mode and Effect Analysis? [FMEA]

Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) is the study of potential failures that might occur in any part of a system to determine the probable effect of each failure on all other parts of the system and on probable operations success. When criticality analysis is added for sophisticated studies the method is know as FMEAC. In the automotive world where FMEA is a required portion of the quality systems, it is frequently known as PFMEA for potential failure mode and effect analysis. The basic thrust of the analysis tool is to prevent failures using a simple and cost effective analysis that draws on the collective information of the team to find problems and resolve them before they occur.

Why use Failure Mode and Effect Analysis?

The FMEA analysis is known as a bottom up (inductive) approach to finding each potential mode of failure and preventing failures that might occur for every component of a system and determines the probable effects on system operation of each failure mode in turn on probable operational success and the results of which are ranked in order of seriousness. FMEA can be performed from different viewpoints such as safety, mission success, availability, repair costs, failure modes, reliability reputation, production processes, and follow-on service, and so forth.

When to use Failure Mode and Effect Analysis?

The FMEA is most productive when performed during the design process to eliminate potential failures. It can also be performed on existing systems where operations personnel and maintainers are made team members to add real-life experiences to educate the team in a problem solving forum that is constructive to eliminating existing problems.

Where to use Failure Mode and Effect Analysis?

The analysis can be conducted in the design room or on the shop floor and it is an excellent tool for sharing experiences to make the team aware of details that are know to one person but seldom shared with the team. It is also an extremely productive tools for educating young engineers, young maintainers, and your operators into details they should be aware that can kill the system.

These definitions are written by H. Paul Barringer

Return to Reliability Tools

Upcoming Events

August 9 - August 11 2022

MaximoWorld 2022

View all Events
80% of newsletter subscribers report finding something used to improve their jobs on a regular basis.
Subscribers get exclusive content. Just released...MRO Best Practices Special Report - a $399 value!
“Steel-ing” Reliability in Alabama

A joint venture between two of the world’s largest steel companies inspired innovative approaches to maintenance reliability that incorporate the tools, technology and techniques of today. This article takes you on their journey.

Three Things You Need to Know About Capital Project Prioritization

“Why do you think these two projects rank so much higher in this method than the first method?” the facilitator asked the director of reliability.

What Is Industrial Maintenance as a Service?

Industrial maintenance as a service (#imaas) transfers the digital and/or manual management of maintenance and industrial operations from machine users to machine manufacturers (OEMs), while improving it considerably.

Three Things You Need to Know About Criticality Analysis

When it comes to criticality analysis, there are three key factors must be emphasized.

Turning the Oil Tanker

This article highlights the hidden trap of performance management systems.

Optimizing Value From Physical Assets

There are ever-increasing opportunities to create new and sustainable value in asset-intensive organizations through enhanced use of technology.

Conducting Asset Criticality Assessment for Better Maintenance Strategy and Techniques

Conducting an asset criticality assessment (ACA) is the first step in maintaining the assets properly. This article addresses the best maintenance strategy for assets by using ACA techniques.

Harmonizing PMs

Maintenance reliability is, of course, an essential part of any successful business that wants to remain successful. It includes the three PMs: predictive, preventive and proactive maintenance.

How an Edge IoT Platform Increases Efficiency, Availability and Productivity

Within four years, more than 30 per cent of businesses and organizations will include edge computing in their cloud deployments to address bandwidth bottlenecks, reduce latency, and process data for decision support in real-time.

MaximoWorld 2022

The world's largest conference for IBM Maximo users, IBM Executives, IBM Maximo Partners and Services with Uptime Elements Reliability Framework and Asset Management System is being held Aug 8-11, 2022